Andrology

Medical specialty
Andrologist
Occupation
NamesDoctor, medical specialist
Occupation type
Specialty
Activity sectors
Medicines
Description
Education required
Fields of
employment
Hospitals, clinics

Andrology (from Ancient Greek: ἀνήρ, anēr, genitive ἀνδρός, andros, "man"; and -λογία, -logia) is a name for the medical specialty that deals with male health, particularly relating to the problems of the male reproductive system and urological problems that are unique to men. It is the counterpart to gynaecology, which deals with medical issues which are specific to female health, especially reproductive and urologic health.

Process

Andrology covers anomalies in the connective tissues pertaining to the genitalia, as well as changes in the volume of cells, such as in genital hypertrophy or macrogenitosomia.[1]

From reproductive and urologic viewpoints, male-specific medical and surgical procedures include vasectomy, vasovasostomy (one of the vasectomy reversal procedures), orchidopexy and circumcision as well as intervention to deal with male genitourinary disorders such as the following:

Human male anatomy
  • Balanitis
  • Carcinoma of the penis
  • Cryptorchidism
  • Epididymitis
  • Epispadias
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Frenulum breve
  • Hydrocele
  • Hypospadias
  • Infertility
  • Micropenis
  • Orchitis
  • Paraphimosis
  • Penile fracture
  • Peyronie's disease
  • Phimosis
  • Post-vasectomy pain syndrome
  • Priapism
  • Prostate cancer
  • Prostatitis
  • Retrograde ejaculation
  • Seminal vesiculitis
  • Spermatocele
  • Testicular cancer
  • Testicular torsion
  • Varicocele

History

Unlike gynaecology, which has a plethora of medical board certification programs worldwide, andrology has none. Andrology has only been studied as a distinct specialty since the late 1960s: the first specialist journal on the subject was the German periodical Andrologie (now called Andrologia), published from 1969 onwards.[2] The next specialty journal covering both the basic and clinical andrology was the International Journal of Andrology, established in 1978, which became the official journal of the European Academy of Andrology in 1992. In 1980 the American Society of Andrology launched the Journal of Andrology. In 2012, these two society journals merged into one premier journal in the field, named Andrology, with the first issue published in January 2013.[3]

See also

  • Men's health
  • Reproductive health
  • Urology

References

  1. ^ Thelander, Hulda E., and Mollie Cholffin. "Neonatal cortical insufficiency (Addison's disease) associated with the adrenogenital syndrome." The Journal of Pediatrics 18.6 (1941): 779-792.
  2. ^ Social Studies of Science (1990) 20, p. 32
  3. ^ Meistrich ML & Huhtaniemi IT (2012). "'ANDROLOGY'– The New Journal of the American Society of Andrology and the European Academy of Andrology". International Journal of Andrology. 35 (2): 107–108. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2605.2012.01261.x. PMID 22413740.

External links

  • Andrology journal [1]
  • American Society of Andrology
  • European Academy of Andrology
  • British Andrology Society
  • International Society of Andrology
  • Andrology Australia
  • Chinese Andrology Department
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