Polish Special Forces

Special Troops Command
Wojska Specjalne
Military eagle
Military eagle
Founded2007
Country Poland
TypeSpecial forces command
Size3,500 soldiers (2022)[1]
Part ofPolish Armed Forces
Garrison/HQKraków
EngagementsOperation Uphold Democracy
War in Afghanistan
Iraq War
Syrian civil war
 • Personnel recovery
 • Emergency evacuation
Commanders
Chief of the General StaffGen. broni Rajmund Andrzejczak
General CommanderGen. broni Jarosław Mika
Special Operations Component Commander Gen. bryg. Sławomir Drumowicz
Insignia
Flag[2]PL special forces flag IIIRP.svg
Military unit

The Special Troops Command (Pol.: Wojska Specjalne) is the special forces command of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Poland (SZ RP). The command was formed in 2007 and is the fourth military branch of the SZ RP.

Composition

The Special Troops Command (Dowództwo Wojsk Specjalnych) is based in Kraków and comprises:

  • Jednostka Wojskowa GROM, or GROM, based in Warszawa and Gdańsk
  • Jednostka Wojskowa Komandosów, or JWK, based in Lubliniec
  • Jednostka Wojskowa Formoza, or JW FORMOZA, is based in Gdynia
  • Jednostka Wojskowa Agat, or AGAT, based in Gliwice
  • Jednostka Wojskowa NIL, or NIL, is based in Kraków
  • 7 Special Operations Aviation Squadron based in Powidz; only operational command it is part of the Air Force.

Structure

Multi-role exploitation Reconnaissance Team (MRT) during NATO exercise Trident Juncture 15

GROM - Operational-Maneuver Response Group "Cichociemni" (Silent Unseen)

  • Command and Support Staff – in Warsaw
  • A Squadron (ZB A) – Land Element located in Warsaw
  • B Squadron (ZB B) – Maritime Element located in Gdańsk
  • C Squadron (ZB C) – Specialty unknown located in Warsaw
  • Logistic and Security Unit - located in Warsaw

JW Komandosów - Army Commandos

  • Command and Security - insignia of the Batalion Zośka from the Polish Home Army
  • A Squadron (ZB A)- insignia of the Batalion Miotła from the Polish Home Army and insignia of PSBS
  • B Squadron (ZB B)- Combined Operations insignia of the No. 10 (Inter-Allied) Commando unit and its No. 6 Troop (Polish)
  • C Squadron (ZB C)- insignia of the Batalion Parasol from the Polish Home Army
  • D Squadron (ZB D)- set up in 2016
  • Information Support Group
  • Special Forces Training Center

JW Formoza - name comes from the colloquial name of the units base, the post-German torpedo house in Gdynia, called "Formoza".[3]

  • Special Operations Squadron - at least six special operations sections and a base unit
JW AGAT shoulder patch

JW AGAT - formed on the basis of the Special Branch of the Military Police in Gliwice[4]

  • HQ Staff and Command Group
  • "A" Company
  • "B" Company
  • "C" Company
  • Combat Support Team
  • Logistics Security Team
  • Medical Security Group

JW NIL - Support Unit of Command and Security of Special Forces[5]

  • HQ Staff
  • Command Team
  • Logistics Security Team
  • Information Support Team
  • Medical Security Group

7 Special Operations Aviation Squadron - based in Powidz

  • HQ staff
  • Aerospace Group - equipped with 8 Mi-17, including 4 Mi-17-1W and 4 Sikorsky S-70i[6][7] all helicopters are to be equipped with M134Gs[8]
  • Maintenance Group

Gallery

  • GROM operator conducting a port security exercise

    GROM operator conducting a port security exercise

  • Polish GROM and US Navy SEALs conducting joint field exercises

    Polish GROM and US Navy SEALs conducting joint field exercises

  • GROM unit conducting ship seizure training

    GROM unit conducting ship seizure training

  • GROM operator conducting a pistol training exercise

    GROM operator conducting a pistol training exercise

Equipment

Weaponry

Name Type Photo Notes
Standard firearms of the Polish Armed Forces
Kbs wz. 1996 Beryl Assault rifle Rifle wz.1996 Beryl.jpg Most commonly used weapon
Pallad grenade launcher Grenade launcher Grenade launcher wz.83 Pallad D.jpg Polish made grenade launcher, used from its introduction to the army
SWD Sniper rifle SVDM sniper rifle at Military-technical forum ARMY-2016 01.jpg
Sako TRG Sniper Rifle Sako TRG folding stock + Zeiss 3-12x56 SSG P.JPG
PKM General purpose machine gun
UKM-2000 General purpose machine gun UKM2000P REMOV.jpg
Standard firearms of the Polish Special Forces
Heckler & Koch USP Semi-auto pistol First-year H&K USP 9mm (32415150000) modified.png Standard pistol in JW GROM, JW NIL and JW komandosów
Glock 17 Semi-auto pistol Glock 17 2nd Gen.jpg Standard pistol in JW Komandosów, JW AGAT and JW NIL
SIG P226 Semi-auto pistol SIG P226 img 1624.jpg Standard pistol in JW Formoza (Navy Unit)
FN Five-seven Semi-auto pistol FN5701.jpg Standard pistol for close protection in JW Grom
CZ Scorpion Evo 3 Submachine gun CZ EVO 3 S1 right.jpg New addition SMG for direct force operations in JW Grom
Heckler & Koch MP5 Submachine gun Heckler & Koch MP5-1.jpg Standard SMG for direct force operations in JW GROM, JW komandosów, JW Formoza and JW AGAT
FN P90 Submachine gun FNPS9002.jpg Standard SMG for close protection in JW Grom
Colt M4A1 Assault rifle PEO M4 Carbine RAS M68 CCO.png Mostly supplanted the Beryl in JW GROM and JW NIL (M4A3)
Heckler & Koch HK416 Assault rifle HK416N.png Assault rifle used by the Polish SOF, JW Grom, JW Komandosów, JW NIL and JW Agat. Various barrel options used (10, 14.5 and 16.5 inch). Most commonly used assault rifle of the Special Forces
Heckler & Koch AG-C/GLM Grenade launcher HK AGCEGLM.jpg Standard under-barrel grenade launcher used with the HK416
Heckler & Koch G36 Assault rifle Gewehr G36.jpg Used in JW Formoza and JW GROM
Heckler & Koch AG36 Grenade launcher Standard grenade launcher used with the G36
FN Minimi Light machine gun FN MINIMI Standard Right.jpg Most common light machine gun in the Polish SOF
Carl Gustav Recoilless rifle Carl Gustav recoilless rifle.jpg
Other firearms
Beretta 92 Semi-auto pistol M9-pistolet.jpg
M4 Carbine Assault rifle CQBR-alone.png Clones made by KAC and Bushmaster
F2000 Assault rifle FN F2000S.JPG
M14 rifle Battle rifle M14 Stand-off Munitions Disruptor (SMUD) (7414626342).jpg Upgraded to EBR standard
M203 Grenade launcher PEO M203A2 Grenade Launcher.png
H&K MZP-1 Grenade launcher
Remington 870 Shotgun Remington 870 Wmaster.jpg
Heckler & Koch PSG-1 Sniper rifle PSG-1--transparent.png
Remington 700 Sniper rifle Remington Model 700.JPG
Mauser SP66 Sniper rifle Mauser sp66.JPG
Mauser 86 Sniper rifle
Barrett M82 Anti-material rifle

Vehicles

Name Type Variant In service Notes
HMMWV Four-wheel drive multi-purpose vehicle M1165A1 5 The Polish Armed Forces currently operate 222 different variants of HMMWVes (217 are operated by the Polish Land Forces).
Oshkosh M-ATV MRAP M1240A1 45 Donated by the United States[9]
Toyota Four-wheel drive vehicle Land Cruiser
Hilux[10]
Used by GROM and 1 Pułk Specjalny Komandosów (1st Special Commando's Regiment)
Land Rover Defender Four-wheel drive vehicle 90
110
4[11]
6
Used by JW GROM and JW Formoza
Mercedes-Benz Four-wheel drive vehicle
Truck
G-class
Atego 1323AK
6
10[12]
The Polish Armed forces currently operate a total of 140 G-class vehicles.[13] The Land forces operate 121 GD 290s and MB290GD WDs.[12] The military police uses 13 GD 290s.[12]
Tarpan Honker 4x4 Honker Skorpion 3 special version Used by JW komandosów Polish made off-road vehicles, best variants are powered with Polish Andoria engines
Star Truck Star 1444 (MAN TGM 18.280 BB) 1[12] Polish made trucks, now modernised to adjust to new weaponry and specifications
Volvo Truck Volvo FM 8x4
Volvo FM 6x6
Volvo FM 4x4
10[12]
11[12]
2[12]
yamaha motorbike Yamaha XT660 unknown Used in JW NIL
polaris quad Polaris Sportsman 500 EFI unknown Used in all polish sof
Range Rover suv Range Rover Armoured unknown used in polish sof command

Aircraft

Polish_SOF_S-70i_Black_Hawk
Polish SOF S-70i Black Hawk
Name Type Variant In service Notes
S-70i Black Hawk Medium-lift transport/utility helicopter S-70i 4/8 4 on order, 2 scheduled for delivery in 2023, remaining in 2024.[14] In 2019 7 S-70i Black Hawks were ordered and received. 4 to Special Forces and 3 to the Police.[14]

Rank insignia

Officers
NATO Code OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1
POL Wojska Specjalne.svg
Special Forces
Army-POL-OF-09.svg Army-POL-OF-08.svg Army-POL-OF-07.svg Army-POL-OF-06.svg Army-POL-OF-05.svg Army-POL-OF-04.svg Army-POL-OF-03.svg Army-POL-OF-02.svg Army-POL-OF-01a.svg Army-POL-OF-01b.svg
Polish name Generał1 Generał
broni
Generał
dywizji
Generał
brygady
Pułkownik Podpułkownik Major Kapitan Porucznik Podporucznik
Abbreviation gen. gen. broni gen. dyw. gen. bryg. płk ppłk mjr kpt. por. ppor.

1 Until 2004 Generał armii

Enlisted
NATO Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
POL Wojska Specjalne.svg
Special Forces
Army-POL-OR-09a.svg Army-POL-OR-09b.svg Army-POL-OR-08.svg Army-POL-OR-07.svg Army-POL-OR-06.svg Army-POL-OR-05.svg Army-POL-OR-04a.svg Army-POL-OR-04b.svg Army-POL-OR-03.svg Army-POL-OR-02.svg Army-POL-OR-01.svg
Polish name Starszy
chorąży
sztabowy
Starszy
chorąży
Chorąży Młodszy
chorąży
Starszy
sierżant
Sierżant Plutonowy Starszy
kapral
Kapral Starszy
szeregowy
Szeregowy
Abbreviation st. chor. szt. st. chor. chor. mł. chor. st. sierż. sierż. plut. st. kpr. kpr. st. szer. szer.

See also

  • Cichociemni
  • Grupa Wawelberg

References

  1. ^ "2021 Budżet MON - Decyzja budżetowa MON załącznik do decyzji" [Annex to 2021 Budget decision of the Ministry of National Defense] (PDF). Republic of Poland website (in Polish). Retrieved 27 April 2022.
  2. ^ "Ustawa z dnia 19 lutego 1993 r. o znakach Sił Zbrojnych Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej" [Act of February 19, 1993 on the symbols of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Poland] (PDF). isap.sejm.gov.pl (in Polish). Internet System of Legal Acts. pp. 24–28. Retrieved 10 October 2021.
  3. ^ "JW FORMOZA - USSE". usse.pl. Retrieved 3 March 2019.
  4. ^ "Jednostka Wojskowa "Agat"". www.jednostki-wojskowe.pl. Retrieved 3 March 2019.
  5. ^ "Jednostka Wojskowa "Nil"". www.jednostki-wojskowe.pl. Retrieved 3 March 2019.
  6. ^ Siminski, Jacek (2019-12-23). "Polish Special Ops Component Receives S-70i Black Hawk Helicopters". The Aviationist. Retrieved 2020-04-21.
  7. ^ "Mil Mi-17-1V Hip, lokalizacja: Powidz - (EPPW), autor: Marek Purat". Galeria Aviateam.pl. Retrieved 3 March 2019.
  8. ^ "Miniguny w końcu kupione". www.altair.com.pl. Retrieved 3 March 2019.
  9. ^ "Polskie Wojska Specjalne otrzymały od Amerykanów 45 pojazdów opancerzonych M-ATV". technologie.onet.pl. 26 February 2015. Retrieved 3 March 2019.
  10. ^ Nowa Technika Wojskowa magazine, issue 03/09
  11. ^ "Nadjeżdża Huzar". 4 January 2005.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g "Zakupy pojazdów dla Wojska Polskiego". Gdzie zaczyna się wojsko... 3 January 2011.
  13. ^ Nowa Technika Wojskowa magazine, issue 03/09 96
  14. ^ a b "Poland Purchases Four New S-70i Black Hawk Helicopters". 17 December 2021.

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Special forces of Poland.
  • Official website of the Wojska Specjalne
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Bundeswehr cross Polish Armed Forces
   

POL Wojska Lądowe.svg Polish Land Forces

POL Wojska Lotnicze.svg Polish Air Force

POL Marynarka Wojenna.svg Polish Navy

POL Wojska Specjalne.svg Polish Special Forces

POL Wojska Obrony Terytorialnej.svg Territorial Defence Force