Vice-President of the European Commission

Position

This article is part of a series on
Flag of Europe.svg
  •  Austria
  •  Belgium
  •  Bulgaria
  •  Croatia
  •  Cyprus
  •  Czech Republic
  •  Denmark
  •  Estonia
  •  Finland
  •  France
  •  Germany
  •  Greece
  •  Hungary
  •  Ireland
  •  Italy
  •  Latvia
  •  Lithuania
  •  Luxembourg
  •  Malta
  •  Netherlands
  •  Poland
  •  Portugal
  •  Romania
  •  Slovakia
  •  Slovenia
  •  Spain
  •  Sweden




  • Treaty of Paris (1951)
  • Treaty of Rome (1957)
  • Euratom Treaty (1957)
  • Merger Treaty (1965)
  • Single European Act (1986)
  • Maastricht Treaty (1992)
  • Treaty of Amsterdam (1997)
  • Treaty of Nice (2001)
  • Treaty of Lisbon (2007)


Treaties of accession
1972, 1979, 1985, 1994, 2003, 2005, 2011

Treaties of succession
1984, 2020

Other treaties
  • Schengen Agreement (1985)
  • European Economic Area Agreement (1992)

Abandoned treaties and agreements
Executive institutions
European Council

European Commission

Council of the EU
 Czech Republic
(July–December 2022)

Configurations


European Parliament
(Members)

Judicial institutions
Economic and monetary institutions
European Central Bank
Other bodies
European Investment Bank Group
  • Investment Bank
  • Investment Fund
  • EIB Institute

European Stability Mechanism
  • European Stability Mechanism

European University Institute
  • European University Institute

Unified Patent Court
  • Unified Patent Court


Other independent bodies


Inter-institutional bodies
Euratom members
  •  Austria
  •  Belgium
  •  Bulgaria
  •  Croatia
  •  Cyprus
  •  Czech Republic
  •  Denmark
  •  Estonia
  •  Finland
  •  France
  •  Germany
  •  Greece
  •  Hungary
  •  Ireland
  •  Italy
  •  Latvia
  •  Lithuania
  •  Luxembourg
  •  Malta
  •  Netherlands
  •  Poland
  •  Portugal
  •  Romania
  •  Slovakia
  •  Slovenia
  •  Spain
  •  Sweden

Associated states
  •  Switzerland
  •  United Kingdom

Euratom since 1 January 2021
Eurozone members
  • Austria Austria
  • Belgium Belgium
  • Cyprus Cyprus
  • Estonia Estonia
  • Finland Finland
  • France France
  • Germany Germany
  • Greece Greece
  • Republic of Ireland Ireland
  • Italy Italy
  • Latvia Latvia
  • Lithuania Lithuania
  • Luxembourg Luxembourg
  • Malta Malta
  • Netherlands Netherlands
  • Portugal Portugal
  • Slovakia Slovakia
  • Slovenia Slovenia
  • Spain Spain



Eurogroup



  • Bulgaria Bulgarian lev
  • Croatia Croatian kuna
  • Czech Republic Czech koruna
  • Denmark Danish krone
  • Hungary Hungarian forint
  • Poland Polish złoty
  • Romania Romanian leu
  • Sweden Swedish krona


Non Euro countries relationship to Euro
Eurozone since 2015
Schengen Area
  •  Austria
  •  Belgium
  •  Czech Republic
  •  Denmark
  •  Estonia
  •  Finland
  •  France
  •  Germany
  •  Greece
  •  Hungary
  •  Italy
  •  Latvia
  •  Lithuania
  •  Luxembourg
  •  Malta
  •  Netherlands
  •  Poland
  •  Portugal
  •  Slovakia
  •  Slovenia
  •  Spain
  •  Sweden

Non-EU members
  •  Iceland
  •  Liechtenstein
  •  Norway
  •  Switzerland


Non-Schengen Area states
  •  Bulgaria
  •  Croatia
  •  Cyprus
  •  Ireland
  •  Romania
Schengen Area since 2015
European Economic Area
EEA members
  • Austria Austria
  • Belgium Belgium
  • Bulgaria Bulgaria
  • Cyprus Cyprus
  • Czech Republic Czech Republic
  • Denmark Denmark
  • Estonia Estonia
  • Finland Finland
  • France France
  • Germany Germany
  • Greece Greece
  • Hungary Hungary
  • Republic of Ireland Ireland
  • Italy Italy
  • Latvia Latvia
  • Lithuania Lithuania
  • Luxembourg Luxembourg
  • Malta Malta
  • Netherlands Netherlands
  • Poland Poland
  • Portugal Portugal
  • Romania Romania
  • Slovakia Slovakia
  • Slovenia Slovenia
  • Spain Spain
  • Sweden Sweden

Non-EU members
  •  Iceland
  •  Liechtenstein
  •  Norway

Topics
European Economic Area
  • 1979, 1984, 1989, 1994
    1999, 2004, 2009, 2014
  • 2019 (last election)
  • European political parties
  • Constituencies

Elections in EU member states
  • Austria Austria
  • Belgium Belgium
  • Bulgaria Bulgaria
  • Croatia Croatia
  • Cyprus Cyprus
  • Czech Republic Czech Republic
  • Denmark Denmark
  • Estonia Estonia
  • Finland Finland
  • France France
  • Germany Germany
  • Greece Greece
  • Hungary Hungary
  • Republic of Ireland Ireland
  • Italy Italy
  • Latvia Latvia
  • Lithuania Lithuania
  • Luxembourg Luxembourg
  • Malta Malta
  • Netherlands Netherlands
  • Poland Poland
  • Portugal Portugal
  • Romania Romania
  • Slovakia Slovakia
  • Slovenia Slovenia
  • Spain Spain
  • Sweden Sweden

Law
Policies and issues
  • Josep Borrell


Foreign relations of EU member states



  • G7
  • G20
Defunct bodies
flag European Union portal
  • v
  • t
  • e

A Vice-President of the European Commission is a member of the European Commission who leads the Commission's work in particular focus areas in which multiple European Commissioners participate. Currently, the European Commission has a total of eight Vice-Presidents.

Role and benefits

The current First Vice-President Frans Timmermans from the Netherlands

The role of Vice-President of the European Commission may be bestowed on any European Commissioner in addition to their existing portfolio.

Since the 2009 Lisbon Treaty entered into force, the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy is ex officio one of the Vice-Presidents. The other Vice-Presidents are appointed at the discretion of the Commission President.

Commission salaries are set as a percentage of the top civil service grade. Vice-Presidents are paid at 125% (€22,122.10 monthly), in comparison to 112.5% (€19,909.89) for normal Commissioners and 138% (€24,422.80) for the President.[1][2] However, the Vice-President who also serves as the High Representative is paid at 130% (€23,006.98).[3] There are further allowances on top of these figures.[1]

First Vice-President

The First Vice-President usually takes on the main role of a vice president: taking over from the President in their absence. Frans Timmermans is the incumbent First Vice-President having served in the position since 2014 in both the Juncker and von der Leyen Commissions.[4]

The position was established under the Barroso I Commission in 2004, with its first occupant being Margot Wallström. She was succeeded in the second Barroso Commission by Catherine Ashton who was also the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy.

Executive Vice-President

The von der Leyen Commission established a new position of Executive Vice-President. There are three Executive Vice-Presidents, one of whom is the First Vice-President, who in addition to their other roles also manage a policy area, with a specific Directorate-General under their authority for this part of their job.[4]

Historical vice-presidents

  Socialist (PES)  Liberal (ALDE)  People's (EPP-ED)
Commission Entered office Left office Name State Party
Hallstein I
7 January 1958 9 January 1962 Sicco Mansholt  Netherlands PvdA
7 January 1958 9 January 1962 Robert Marjolin  France SFIO
7 January 1958 15 September 1959 Piero Malvestiti  Italy DC
Hallstein II
10 January 1962 30 June 1967 Sicco Mansholt  Netherlands PvdA
10 January 1962 30 June 1967 Robert Marjolin  France SFIO
10 January 1962 15 May 1963 Giuseppe Caron  Italy DC
30 July 1965 30 June 1967 Lionello Sandri  Italy PSI
Rey
2 July 1967 30 June 1970 Sicco Mansholt  Netherlands PvdA
2 July 1967 30 June 1970 Lionello Sandri  Italy PSI
2 July 1967 30 June 1970 Fritz Hellwig  West Germany CDU
2 July 1967 30 June 1970 Raymond Barre  France UDF
2 July 1967 30 June 1970 Wilhelm Haferkamp  West Germany SPD
Malfatti
1 July 1970 21 March 1972 Sicco Mansholt  Netherlands PvdA
1 July 1970 21 March 1972 Wilhelm Haferkamp  West Germany SPD
Mansholt
22 March 1972 5 January 1973 Wilhelm Haferkamp  West Germany SPD
Ortoli
6 January 1973 5 January 1977 Patrick Hillery  Ireland FF
6 January 1973 5 January 1977 Wilhelm Haferkamp  West Germany SPD
6 January 1973 5 January 1977 Henri Simonet  Belgium PS
6 January 1973 5 January 1977 Christopher Soames  United Kingdom Con.
6 January 1973 5 January 1977 Carlo Scarascia-Mugnozza  Italy DC
Jenkins
6 January 1977 5 January 1981 Wilhelm Haferkamp  West Germany SPD
6 January 1977 5 January 1981 Henk Vredeling  Netherlands PvdA
6 January 1977 5 January 1981 Finn Olav Gundelach  Denmark SD
6 January 1977 5 January 1981 François-Xavier Ortoli  France RPR
6 January 1977 5 January 1981 Lorenzo Natali  Italy DC
Thorn
6 January 1981 5 January 1985 Christopher Tugendhat  United Kingdom Con.
6 January 1981 5 January 1985 François-Xavier Ortoli  France RPR
Delors I
6 January 1985 5 January 1989 Frans Andriessen  Netherlands CDA
6 January 1985 5 January 1989 Arthur Cockfield  United Kingdom Con.
6 January 1985 5 January 1989 Karl-Heinz Narjes  West Germany CDU
6 January 1985 5 January 1989 Lorenzo Natali  Italy DC
5 January 1986 5 January 1989 Manuel Marín  Spain PSOE
Delors II
6 January 1989 5 January 1993 Frans Andriessen  Netherlands CDA
6 January 1989 5 January 1993 Leon Brittan  United Kingdom Con.
6 January 1989 5 January 1993 Henning Christophersen  Denmark Venstre
6 January 1989 5 January 1993 Manuel Marín  Spain PSOE
6 January 1989 5 January 1993 Filippo Maria Pandolfi  Italy DC
Delors III
6 January 1993 22 January 1995 Martin Bangemann  Germany FDP
6 January 1993 22 January 1995 Leon Brittan  United Kingdom Con.
6 January 1993 22 January 1995 Henning Christophersen  Denmark Venstre
6 January 1993 22 January 1995 Manuel Marín  Spain PSOE
6 January 1993 22 January 1995 Karel Van Miert  Belgium Sp.a
6 January 1993 22 January 1995 Antonio Ruberti  Italy PSI
Santer
23 January 1995 13 September 1999 Leon Brittan  United Kingdom Con.
23 January 1995 19 July 1999 Manuel Marín  Spain PSOE
Prodi
16 September 1999 21 November 2004 Neil Kinnock  United Kingdom Labour
16 September 1999 21 November 2004 Loyola de Palacio  Spain PP
Barroso I
22 November 2004 9 February 2010 Margot Wallström  Sweden SAP
22 November 2004 9 February 2010 Günter Verheugen  Germany PSD
22 November 2004 9 February 2010 Jacques Barrot  France UMP
22 November 2004 9 February 2010 Siim Kallas  Estonia ERP
22 November 2004 8 May 2008 Franco Frattini  Italy FI
9 May 2008 9 February 2010 Antonio Tajani  Italy FI
Barroso II
9 February 2010 31 October 2014 Catherine Ashton  United Kingdom Labour
9 February 2010 1 July 2014 Viviane Reding  Luxembourg CSV
9 February 2010 31 October 2014 Joaquín Almunia  Spain PSOE
9 February 2010 31 October 2014 Siim Kallas  Estonia ERP
9 February 2010 31 October 2014 Neelie Kroes  Netherlands VVD
9 February 2010 1 July 2014 Antonio Tajani  Italy PDL
9 February 2010 31 October 2014 Maroš Šefčovič  Slovakia Smer
27 October 2011 1 July 2014 Olli Rehn  Finland SK
1 July 2014 31 October 2014 Michel Barnier  France UMP
1 July 2014 31 October 2014 Günther Oettinger  Germany CDU
16 July 2014 31 October 2014 Jyrki Katainen  Finland KOK
Juncker
1 November 2014 30 November 2019 Frans Timmermans  Netherlands PvdA
1 November 2014 30 November 2019 Federica Mogherini  Italy PD
1 November 2014 31 December 2016 Kristalina Georgieva  Bulgaria GERB
1 November 2014 30 November 2019 Jyrki Katainen  Finland KOK
1 November 2014 30 November 2019 Valdis Dombrovskis  Latvia Unity
1 November 2014 1 July 2019 Andrus Ansip  Estonia ERP
1 November 2014 30 November 2019 Maroš Šefčovič  Slovakia Smer-SD
Von der Leyen
1 December 2019 present Frans Timmermans  Netherlands PvdA
1 December 2019 present Margrethe Vestager  Denmark RV
1 December 2019 present Valdis Dombrovskis  Latvia Unity
1 December 2019 present Josep Borrell  Spain PSOE
1 December 2019 present Maroš Šefčovič  Slovakia Smer-SD
1 December 2019 present Věra Jourová  Czech Republic ANO
1 December 2019 present Dubravka Šuica  Croatia HDZ
1 December 2019 present Margaritis Schinas  Greece ND
  • First Vice-Presidents are in italics.
  • Executive Vice-Presidents are in bold.

References

  1. ^ a b REGULATION No 422/67/EEC, 5/67/EURATOM OF THE COUNCIL, EurLex
  2. ^ Base salary of grade 16, third step is €17,697.68: European Commission: Officials' salaries – accessed 19 March 2010
  3. ^ Council Decision of 1 December 2009 laying down the conditions of employment of the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, EurLex
  4. ^ a b "Mission letter of Frans Timmermans" (PDF). 10 September 2019 – via ec.europa.eu.

External links

  • European Commission Website ec.europa.eu
  • v
  • t
  • e
Executive Vice Presidents:
Vice Presidents:
  • A Stronger Europe in the World
  • Interinstitutional Relations and Foresight
  • Values and Transparency
  • Democracy and Demography
  • Promoting our European Way of Life